Spill Prevention, Control & Countermeasure plans are required under Title 40, CFR, Part 112 under the Clean Water Act for any facilities that have an aggregate above-ground storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons or completely buried storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons. The purpose of this rule is to prevent an oil discharge into or upon U.S. navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.
Owners and operators must review and update their SPCC Plan at least every five years. The 5-year review must include changes in oil storage and spill prevention procedures or equipment at the facility. Also the 5-year review must incorporate more effective prevention and control technology if the technology has been field-proven at the time of the review and will significantly reduce the likelihood of a discharge as described in §112.1(b).
Facility owners and operators must conduct periodic inspections, evaluations, and integrity testing requirements per §112.7(e) and must maintain records to demonstrate compliance.
Additionally, if changes occur in facility design, construction, operation, or maintenance that materially affect the potential for a discharge as described in §112.1(b) a technical amendment is required within 6 months.